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Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved May 19, Section 6 Transformers, etc, pp. Nomenclature for Parallel Operation, pp. Retrieved May 21, Opportunities for New Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards.
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Magnetics Magazine". Electronic Transformers and Circuits. Retrieved May 22, Magnetics Design Handbook.
Texas Instruments. Lee Willis, Power Distribution Planning Reference Book , CRC Press. Analysis of Transformer Failures.
Archived from the original on 20 October The Locomotive. Retrieved June 10, Jul IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 29 January Magnetism and Electricity: A Manual for Students in Advanced Classes.
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Sudbury, Mass. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Los Alamos National Laboratory ; University of Florida.
Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved Jan 9, History of the Transformer. London: E. IEE Sri Lanka Centre. Retrieved Mar 1, University of Pavia.
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ZBD transformer. Proceedings of the Electrical Society of Cornell University. Retrieved July 9, Oxford University Press.
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Algora Publishing. IEC History. Archived from the original on December 6, Retrieved May 17, Michael von Dolivo-Dobrowolsky and Three-Phase: The Beginnings of Modern e Technology and Power Supply in German.
Berlin: VDE-Verl. Tesla: Master of Lightning. Retrieved May 20, Introduction to Current Transformers Transformer Interactive Java applet by Chui-king Ng Video Power transformer inrush current damping Video Power transformer overexcitation damping Three-phase transformer circuits from All About Circuits Bibliography of Transformer Books by P.
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Capacitor types Ceramic resonator Crystal oscillator Inductor Parametron Relay reed relay mercury relay. Authority control GND : LCCN : sh NDL : Also, most of the human related humor gags miss badly, which makes it hurt more considering a lot of the characters were unnecessary.
Jon Voight's Secretary of Defense character completely baffles me, which makes me think that audiences responded positively to the President in Independence Day doing aerial dogfights.
Any positives from the supporting cast including the strange yet entertaining overacting of John Turturro are outweighed by the large set of negatives.
However, the cast has got it where it counts. Shia Lebeouf plays an important part in selling the reality of the robots as the lead character Sam, and also carries an easy likability factor.
Megan Fox's acting does a reasonable job bringing some interest to her character to beyond her looks. The voice cast also does an overall superb job.
Peter Cullen IS Prime, and although his dialogue does border on the ridiculous, he always has a sense of gravity to his lines.
Hugo Weaving also does an equally commendable job as Megatron His booming entrance will forever be embedded into the minds of little kids everywhere.
The rest of the transformers don't say much, which is a shame because I wanted to see so much more interplay between them The taunts that Optimus and Megatron yell as their fighting is great stuff.
Another major gripe I have is Bay's ADD editing. Although it does keep the movie constantly moving, it creates some issues with continuity and distracts from some of the action probably the biggest crime committed in the movie.
I could go on and on about the good things Bumblebee, Frenzy and the bad things Anthony Anderson and his family, forgotten Barricade and the downright weird things Dubya's cameo, Sam's friend climbing in a tree.
Overall, the film delivers where it really matters. Although I was disappointed, the amount of potential for the sequel which just got greenlighted just gets me giddy is it too much to ask for a tighter script and better acting?
Also, the Autobot Assemble scene is one of the coolest things I've seen in theaters in years. All Titles TV Episodes Celebs Companies Keywords Advanced Search.
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Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. DID YOU KNOW? Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. An ancient struggle between two Cybertronian races, the heroic Autobots and the evil Decepticons, comes to Earth, with a clue to the ultimate power held by a teenager.
Director: Michael Bay. Watch on Prime Video included with Prime. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. Related News New Transformers Movie Working Title, Timeline and Details Revealed?
Celebrate Black History Month. Editorial Lists Related lists from IMDb editors. Miller would be playing the best friend of Wahlberg's character who is a mechanic.
A truck from Western Star Trucks would be Optimus Prime's new alternate mode for the movie. Filming began in June , in Detroit ,  Chicago , Austin , Los Angeles, and Hong Kong.
In March , Deadline Hollywood reported that Paramount Pictures was in talks with Akiva Goldsman to pitch new ideas for the Transformers franchise's future installments.
The studio intends to do what James Cameron and 20th Century Fox have been doing in planning three Avatar sequels, and what Disney has done to revive Star Wars , with sequels and spin-offs.
Goldsman is the head of the future projects, and worked with franchise director Michael Bay , executive producer Steven Spielberg , and producer Lorenzo di Bonaventura to organize a "writers' room" that incubates ideas for potential Transformers sequels, prequels and spin-offs.
Joe and Micronauts properties, Paramount began to negotiate with Art Marcum and Matt Holloway Iron Man , as well as Ken Nolan Black Hawk Down , to write the film.
Lindsey Beer and Geneva Robertson-Dworet were also brought aboard for writing duties. After Transformers: Age of Extinction , Bay had decided not to direct any future Transformers films.
But in early January , in an interview with Rolling Stone , he stated that he would return to direct the fifth film, and that it will be his last Transformers film.
Bumblebee is a spin-off film centered on the Transformers character of the same name. It was intended to be a prequel to the film series, and later declared to be a reboot of the franchise.
The film was directed by Travis Knight and written by Christina Hodson , and stars Hailee Steinfeld , John Cena , Jorge Lendeborg Jr.
The design and style of the film included both elements from the existing franchise as well as influences from Transformers: Generation 1 franchise of toys.
Principal photography on the film began in July , in Los Angeles and San Francisco , California. It was released on December 21, , to generally positive reviews.
In March , during the release of G. Joe: Retaliation , producer di Bonaventura announced the studio's plans to develop a G.
Joe: Retaliation director Jon M. Joe crossover film. In March , Paramount hired Academy Award winning screenwriter Akiva Goldsman to oversee and compile a team of writers, to pitch ideas for future films with the intention of expanding the franchise into a cinematic universe.
Twelve individual stories were written and pitched for the cinematic universe. Goldsman was tasked with developing a multi-part sequel storyline, along with prequels and spin-off films.
A "brain-trust" was commissioned to guide the productions of these stories, including Goldsman, Michael Bay, and producers Steven Speilberg and Lorenzo di Bonaventura.
The team of writers who were hired included: Robert Kirkman , Art Marcum, Matt Holloway , Zak Penn , Jeff Pinkner , Andrew Barrer, Gabriel Ferrari , Christina Hodson , Lindsey Beer, Ken Nolan , Geneva Robertson-Dworet , and Steven DeKnight.
Goldsman described the writer's room collaboration process, as a way to map out stories that can be further developed by the projects that are green-lit by the brain trust; stating: " In December , di Bonaventura stated that there will be further films in the series, while also acknowledging that the franchise will make some changes in tone and style due to the success of Bumblebee.
In March , producer Lorenzo di Bonaventura announced ongoing developments for a follow-up movie to Bumblebee. In January , the Transformers: Beast Wars project was announced to officially be in development, with a script written by James Vanderbilt.
The first Transformers film received mixed to positive reviews, with praise for the groundbreaking visual effects, musical score, action sequences, Labeouf's performance, and Peter Cullen's return as Optimus Prime.
There was some criticism of the Transformer redesigns, the screen time for certain characters, and the product placement. The second film, Revenge of the Fallen , received mostly negative reviews.
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine labeled them: "two of the most offensive bots in screen history Positive aspects noted by critics include Peter Cullen's voiceover work, the visual effects, music, and action.
The third film, Dark of the Moon , received mixed reviews but was considered an improvement over the second film. Praise was directed toward the visuals, editing, music, and the voicework of Peter Cullen and Leonard Nimoy, while the acting and story were criticized.
Because this film is not quite as stupid as the others But let's face it, these touches are atypical. After half an hour it turns into the same headbanging, eardrum-brutalising action-fest as the other two films.
Hewitt praised the last 45 minutes and the best use of 3D since Avatar but panned the choppy editing, lazy writing, the slow first hour, the level of violence in the robot fights, and considered Bay's use of the Chernobyl disaster as a plot device as being in poor taste.
Also criticized were Josh Duhamel and Tyrese Gibson for being reduced to needless supporting characters, Shia LaBeouf's Sam Witwicky being an unlikable character, and actors John Malkovich, Alan Tudyk, and Ken Jeong for being used as "cheap-seats comedy relief.
He criticized the retrograde depiction of the female characters, the September 11 undertones of the Chicago climax, and the uncomfortable level of violence from the Transformers.
Age of Extinction   and The Last Knight   both received mostly negative reviews and are the lowest-rated films in the series.
For Age of Extinction , some praised elements include the visual effects, musical score, serious tone, action sequences, and the performances of Mark Wahlberg, Stanley Tucci, Kelsey Grammer, and Peter Cullen.
Critics panned it for excessive product placement, the nearly three-hour runtime, poor writing and editing, the introduction of the "Transformium" element, and the idea of human-made Transformers.
Also criticized was the racist stereotypes with David Edelstein of Vulture using actress Li Bingbing as an example of the stereotype of "all Chinese people being adept in the martial arts.
Wattercutter even notes that the film has a captive Autobot making an offhanded joke about waterboarding. The dark depiction of Optimus Prime also drew criticism for being unpleasant and unfaithful to the character.
Critics also panned the film for portraying the Dinobots as mindless robots devoid of their personalities and reducing them to a deus ex machina appearing late in the film despite being a focal point in the marketing.
Critics noted Nicola Peltz's character as a sexualized underage girl and damsel-in-distress with no sense of agency whose sole purpose is to have the male leads fight over her.
Her character's relationship with Jack Reynor's also drew backlash as critics accused Michael Bay of treating statutory rape as a joke and attempting to defend it with the Romeo and Juliet law.
For The Last Knight , critics criticized the confusing plot, messy narrative, script, characters and screen time for some characters, excessive length and constant format changest throughtout the whole film,    while positive elements focused on the visuals, action, music and the performances of Mark Walhberg, Anthony Hopkins, John Goodman and Peter Cullen.
Farley accused the production of trying to insert last-minute "tween girl empowerment" after Millie Bobby Brown 's success in Stranger Things , noting that the marketing made Moner appear to have a prominent role in the film, when she does not.
Lo " because of her Latina heritage, and Haddock being portrayed as the "British Megan Fox" for their similar appearances. It is amazing how a series with so much nostalgic goodwill, technical finesse and behind the scenes talent have led so often to experiences that are so joyless.
Critics praised it for its lighter tone, story, visuals, acting, direction, and faithfulness to the s Transformers show. The franchise has been frequently praised and won awards for its sound design.
Michael Bay praised the crew and highlighted the importance of sound saying "I have like 2, people — through their artistry — making my dreams a film," Bay said.
I love, love sound. In addition to the films, the film series has a promotional expanded series that is set both before and after the events of the films.
This includes comic books, video games, and novels. While the novels are partially based on the films themselves, and the video games aren't in the same continuity as the films, the comic books and graphic novels are in the same continuity and fill in several parts of the stories from the films.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American film series. Official film series logo. Michael Bay 1—5 Travis Knight Bumblebee Josh Cooley animated Cybertron movie Steven Caple Jr.
Lorenzo di Bonaventura Tom DeSanto Don Murphy Ian Bryce 1—5 Michael Bay Bumblebee Mark Vahradian Bumblebee.
Di Bonaventura Pictures Hasbro Allspark Pictures Bumblebee Entertainment One New Republic Pictures. DreamWorks Pictures 1—2 Paramount Pictures.
Release date. Running time. Main article: Transformers film. Main article: Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Main article: Transformers: Dark of the Moon.
Main article: Transformers: Age of Extinction. Main article: Transformers: The Last Knight. Main article: Bumblebee film. Main article: List of Transformers film series cast and characters.
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